Hopper – enlarged top usually to a vertical down pipe to receives water from rainwater or waste pipes. Move over Modern Farmhouse, it's time for some city glamour. Flue Lining –  metal (usually stainless steel) tube within a flue. Failure by corrosion can result in the wall becoming unstable. 4 Regency . I just adore Jonathan Adler’s Globo range! Underpinning –    method of strengthening weak foundations whereby a new, stronger foundation is placed beneath the original. Other proprietary flue liners are also available. Wall Panels DIY Tub Surround & Shower Wall Panel Product Lines. Double Hung – a window in which the opening lights slide vertically within a cased Sash Window frame, counter balanced by weights supported on sash cords that pass over pulleys in the frame. 33mm x 15mm Richard Burbidge Pine Double Astragal Moulding 2400mm FB384 Pack of 10, 21mm x 8mm Richard Burbidge Pine Panel Moulding 2400mm FB382 Pack of 24, 12mm Richard Burbidge Pine Dowel 2400mm FB309 Pack of 30, 25mm x 4mm Richard Burbidge Pine Stripwood 2400mm FB327 Pack of 20, 47mm x 6mm Richard Burbidge Hardwood D Shape Moulding 2400mm FB807 Pack of 20, 46mm x 8mm Richard Burbidge White Oak Stripwood 2400mm FB1105 Pack of 10, 42mm x 15mm Richard Burbidge Pine Picture Rail 2400mm FB224 Pack of 10, 46mm x 4mm Richard Burbidge Dark Hardwood Stripwood 2400mm FB178 Pack of 10, 12mm x 12mm Richard Burbidge Pine Quadrant 2400mm FB363 Pack of 30, 16mm x 16mm Richard Burbidge Dark Hardwood Quadrant 2400mm FB125 Pack of 15, 18mm Richard Burbidge Pine Dowel 2400mm FB311 Pack of 20, 28mm x 9mm Richard Burbidge Pine Panel Moulding 2400mm FB493 Pack of 24, 36mm x 8mm Richard Burbidge Pine Stripwood 2400mm FB323 Pack of 20, 45mm x 15mm Richard Burbidge Pine Dado Rail 2400mm FB402, Matchboard 18mm x 55mm Panel Plus Moisture Resistant Mdf Dado 2440mm, 45mm x 7mm Richard Burbidge Pine Panel Moulding 2400mm FB262 Pack of 20, 32mm x 50mm Softwood Nosing (Finish 27mm x 44mm), 20mm x 20mm Richard Burbidge Pine Angle 2400mm FB438 Pack of 20, 16mm x 7mm Richard Burbidge Pine Broken Ogee Moulding 2400mm FB256, 35mm Richard Burbidge Pine Dowel 2400mm FB387 Pack of 10, 31mm x 12mm Richard Burbidge Pine Panel Moulding 2400mm FB401, 21mm x 4mm Richard Burbidge Pine Stripwood 2400mm FB406 Pack of 20, 29mm x 16mm Richard Burbidge Pine Panel Moulding 2400mm FB383 Pack of 24, 21mm x 12mm Richard Burbidge Pine Stripwood 2400mm FB483, 19mm x 50mm Softwood Ogee Panel Mould (Finish 14.5mm x 44mm), 21mm x 8mm Richard Burbidge Pine Panel Moulding 2400mm FB382, 34mm x 8mm Richard Burbidge Pine Flat D Shape Moulding 2400mm FB410, 29mm x 21mm Richard Burbidge Pine Decorative Scotia 2400mm FB400 Pack of 10, 21mm x 12mm Richard Burbidge Pine Stripwood 2400mm FB483 Pack of 20. Usually due to the freezing and expansion of trapped water (frost damage). Considered to be a fire risk and usually best removed. Flagstones – large stones used as an attractive floor finish. Bitumen – black, sticky substance, similar to asphalt. Flemish Bond – a traditional form of solid wall construction with the bricks laid with headers (the short end) laid alternately with stretchers (the long side). Foundations – normally concrete, laid underground as a structural base to a wall; in older buildings these may be brick or stone. Sub-Soil – soil lying immediately below the topsoil. Head – upper horizontal member of a door frame, window frame, partition frame etc. Transom – horizontal bar of wood or stone across a window or top of door. Often caused by trees, drains etc. Efflorescence –  powdery white salts crystallized on the surface of a wall as a result of moisture evaporation. Was often used as a lining under roof tiles in the 1960’s. Flat felt roof – common type of flat roof made from built up layers of felt. Frieze – The area of an internal wall above the picture rail. Architrave –  a moulding around a doorway or window opening. There have also been some health concerns. window cill) designed to stop water running down the face of the building. Unfortunately, these can easily rot and are often affected by wood-boring insect attack. Continue to use the site as normal if you're happy with this, or find out how to manage cookies: Structural Calculations for Building Control Submissions, We’re Recruiting! Verge – the edge of a sloping roof which overhangs the gable. Usually indicates failure. Cut Valley – a gutter at the junction of two roof where the slates or tiles are cut to meet on the valley line. Also a section of wall below a window. Replacement ties are then required. This might seem impossible but with our highly skilled professional writers all your custom essays, book reviews, research papers and other custom tasks you order with us will be of high quality. mono: "", Aggregates may be coarse or fine and are often used in the construction of “soakaways”. These tiles may have a rounded or angular cross-section. Four Sluts. From simple functional styles to enhancing designs here at Builder Depot we offer a wide range of decorative wooden mouldings, as well as plastic and aluminium mouldings, to add the finishing touch to your doors, walls or windows. Bay Window – a window formed in a projection of a wall and carried on foundations. A very serious form of fungus that attacks structural and joinery timbers, often with devastating results. Auxiliary data. One of the mistakes that I see a lot of homeowners and DIYers make with tile installations is that they sometimes don’t use any tile trim … Can be relatively expensive. Collar –   horizontal timber member designed to restrain opposing roof slopes. Bow window: curved. Ventilation – necessary in all buildings to disperse moisture resulting from bathing, cooking, breathing etc, and to assist in prevention of condensation. Eaves – the overhanging lower edge of a roof. Mansard Roof – pitched roof which has, on each side, a shallower upper slope and a steeper lower slope. Used in sealants, mineral felts and damp-proof courses. This translated to 3 inches over 2 ft. Fragile -will not usually bear heavy weights. Apron – a metal strip, usually lead or zinc, used as a seal. Stopcock – a valve on a gas or water supply pipe which is used to cut off the supply. Chipboard –  often referred to as “particle board”. Rarely effective, and now not used as modern roofs are usually lined. Warm Roof – a roof where the insulation is placed between the roof deck or structure and the covering. Often fitted to chimney stacks and tile hanging. CRIPPLE- A short supplemental wall framing member used between the door or window header (or window sill) and sill plate. Asbestos – material used in the past for insulation and fire protection. The window frame's wooden sill sits on a wooden window board that is screwed or nailed directly to the masonry. Hip – the junction between the slopes at the angled end of a roof. Often lintels can be partially or completely hidden from view. You’ll notice that the window sill is a very thin, long box. Often a decorative series of timbers infilling between the bannister and stairs. Tie Bar – metal bar passing through a wall, or walls, bracing the structure. Used on flat roofs and floors. Screed – final, smooth finish of a solid floor; usually cement, concrete or asphalt. Some common building terms are listed below for your information: A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W. Abutment – an intersection, usually between a roof and a wall. Use this valid 50% off Amazon promo code to save on your Prime order. Course – horizontal layer of bricks, blocks, slates etc. Belfry Chamber or stage in a tower where bells are hung. Unsightly, but causes no damage. Coving –  curved junction between wall and ceiling. Linked to cancer. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Soffit – the underside of an arch, beam, staircase, eaves or other feature of a building. Key –    the roughness of a surface, which provides a bond for any application of paint, plaster, rendering, tiles etc, or spaces between laths or wire meshes which provide a grip for plaster. Fibreboard –   lightweight board material of little strength, was used in ceilings, or as insulation to attics. Shiplap –   horizontal external boarding, usually timber or PVC-u. Plywood – board made from veneers of wood glued with the grain laid at right angles. Oversite –   rough concrete below timber ground floors. Breeze Block –  originally made from clinker cinders (or “breeze”) -the term now commonly used to refer to various types of concrete building blocks. Ashlar – Finely dressed (finished) stone – usually in high quality construction. Coloured gravel cuts out mowing and don’t forget to pop some indoor plants on your window sill to keep the theme going. The bottom or base of the window i.e the height from the room floor where the window starts is known as cill level. Cladding – the non-loadbearing external skin of a wall or roof used to keep the weather out. Can also include a moulding at the top of an outside wall designed to project and throw raindrops clear of the wall. For the best experience on our site, be sure to turn on Javascript in your browser. Dry Rot – (Serpula lacrymans). Fairly cheap, but often fails suddenly and needs regular re-covering. A A's AMD AMD's AOL AOL's AWS AWS's Aachen Aachen's Aaliyah Aaliyah's Aaron Aaron's Abbas Abbas's Abbasid Abbasid's Abbott Abbott's Abby Abby's Abdul Abdul's Abe Abe's Abel Abel's All properties settle to some extent, and this can show as cracking and/or distortion in walls. Shingles – small rectangular slabs of wood used on roofs instead of tiles, slates etc. Quoin – the external angle of a building; or specifically, bricks or stone blocks forming that angle. Ball Valve (Ballcock) –  valve operated by a ball floating in a cistern. Our website uses cookies so that we can provide a better browsing experience. Soil Pipe/Soil Stack – a vertical pipe conveys sewage to the drains. 2 Georgian Architecture - Theory of Design. With Solution Essays, you can get high-quality essays at a lower price. This old method of walling is known in Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire as Wychert. Can also affect furniture. CURB - (1) The stone or concrete edging of a side walk or paved street; (2) the raised edge of a floor or well opening. Originally designed to avoid damage to the wall where people or furniture brushed against it. From simple functional styles to enhancing designs here at Builder Depot we offer a wide range of decorative wooden mouldings, as well as plastic and aluminium mouldings, to add the finishing touch to your doors, walls or windows. Barge Board – a sloping board built along a gable edge of a roof. Rising Damp –   moisture soaking up a wall from below ground, by capillary action which can cause rot in timbers, plaster decay, decoration failure etc. READ PAPER. Stud Partition – lightweight, sometimes non-load bearing wall construction, comprising a framework of timber faced with plaster, plasterboard or other finish. 3 Georgian Architecture - Developments. Straw is used, rather than water reed as the name suggests. All Rights Reserved. Trussed Rafters –  (or pre-formed trusses) method of roof construction utilising prefabricated triangular framework of timbers. The secret is in a powerful magnet that is embedded in both the planter and the beautiful oak base. Blue. Underpinned properties can be difficult to sell and insure. Subsidence –    ground movement, generally downward, due to failure or shrinkage of the subsoil. https://www.builderdepot.co.uk/timber-sheets/decorative-mouldings, https://www.builderdepot.co.uk/media/catalog/category/moulding500.jpg. Fall – a slope, typically to a ‘flat’ roof, designed to allow water to drain away. The images are protected by a scratch … Frog –   an indention, usually V shaped in the bedding face of the brick to reduce its weight. Torching – traditional method of waterproofing by applying mortar to the underside of roof tiles or slates. I’ll miss this blue when Storm Dorota or … ¨é›†å±¥æ­´ãŒå…¨ãæ®‹ã£ã¦ã„ないユーザーについて … Daylighting is the practice of placing windows, skylights, other openings, and reflective surfaces so that sunlight (direct or indirect) can provide effective internal lighting.Particular attention is given to daylighting while designing a building when the aim is to maximize visual comfort or to reduce energy use. Double Glazing – a method of thermal and sound insulation usually either with sealed units – two panes of glass fixed and hermetically sealed together; or secondary – a second “window” positioned inside the original window. Airbrick – a perforated brick, terracotta or plastic vent built into a wall for providing ventilation. Strut –   a support, usually a roof timber. Carriage – A substantial timber that runs along the underside of a staircase. Although common on doors and jambs of doorways, they are most likely to be found around fireplaces. 6 Victorian - Style. Sewer – a large, underground pipe or drain used for conveying waste water and sewage. Cavity Wall Insulation –  filling of wall cavities by one of various forms of insulation material: Beads –  polystyrene beads pumped into the cavities. Front Garden Parking Design Available to serve gas appliances in areas without mains gas. size: "small", Ridge Tile – a specially shaped tile for covering and making weather tight the ridge of a roof. The material is UV stabilized to resist staining or discoloration. Also term used to describe the support to a drain underground. Distemper – old form of painted decoration made from chalk and animal glue. Crazing – hairline cracks on the surface of concrete, render or plaster usually of random pattern over a large area. A serious insect pest mainly confined to the south-east of England, which can totally destroy the structural strength of wood. Some of the paper backings to fibreboard can contain asbestos. French Drain – a gravel filled drainage trench, typically constructed against a wall. Load-Bearing – usually applied to walls or other structures which carry loadings from walls, floors or roof at higher level. Most people try to use plywood or 2x4s to secure it to the window but that can damage the window and create more problems in the future. This enables the use of small diameter waste pipes and enables the fitting of a WC in locations away from soil pipes or in basements. Services of language translation the ... An announcement must be commercial character Goods and services advancement through P.O.Box sys Radon Gas – colourless and odourless gas prevalent in some areas. Tell-tale – a measure fixed across a crack to monitor movement. The most common markings are interlocking circles (some carved to create a six-petalled daisy flower effect), concentric circles and intersecting lines creating crosses and M’s representing the Virgin Mary or double V’s for ‘Virgin of Virgins’. Downpipe – vertical pipe which brings rainwater to ground level from roof gutters or waste water from hoppers. Will easily fall out if the wall is broken open for any reason. Building Paper –   Heavy-duty paper, usually incorporating a bitumen layer. Haunching – see “Benching”. Bonnet tile – a hip tile with a bonnet-like appearance. Flashing –   a seal, usually between a roof and wall or chimney. It usually covers the joints between the frame and the wall finish, thus hiding any shrinkage gaps, which may occur. Various proprietary methods are available for damp-proofing existing walls including “electro-osmosis” and chemical injection. Structural calculations are an integral part of a, We were stag-gered to find a herd of deer in the g, London | Reading | Bristol | Oxford | Milton Keynes | Leamington Spa | Birmingham | Sheffield | Nottingham | Manchester  | Liverpool | Leeds, Ts&Cs | Privacy | Careers | Sitemap | Contact Us | Allcott Heritage | Allcott Commercial | Book a Survey, Copyright @ Allcott Associates 2017. The hidden central valley gutters are often a source of nuisance. You do have to screw a few inside at the window sill… A relatively uncommon pest that can, if untreated, cause widespread damage to structural timbers. Here a strip along the front is filled with purple muscari and the under-window space holds three raised beds stuffed with fragrant bee-loving lavender. Used behind a parapet or sometimes at a valley. Ground Heave – swelling of clay sub-soil due to the presence of moisture: can cause an upward movement of floors or foundations in extreme cases. © 2020 Builder Depot Ltd. All Rights Reserved. 8 Between the Wars, 1918-1939 - Part One. Remove the beading and putty to take out any fixed panes. Mortar – mixture of sand, cement, water and sometimes lime used to join stones, blocks or bricks. Rendering – cement or lime covering of a wall either internally or externally, sometimes with pebbledash, stucco or Tyrolean textured finish. Spall – splitting of masonry, tiles etc. Our registered office is Fosse Way, Unit 3, First Floor, The Fosse, Radford Semele, Warwickshire, England, CV31 1XN | VAT No: 815 7935 03 | Website Design by Bowler Hat, Structural Calculations for Solar Panel Installation. Cheap method of decking to flat roofs, floors and (with Formica or melamine surface) used extensively for furniture, especially kitchen units. Strips of glass used to be fitted to check for movement and can occasionally be seen on older buildings. Balanced (or room sealed ) Flue – common flue type normally serving gas appliances, which allows air to be drawn to the appliance whilst also allowing fumes to escape. The geodesic 12-sided planter is made of silicon, giving you a wonderful spectacle to behold. Mullion – vertical bar dividing individual lights in a window. 27. Shakes – naturally occurring cracks in timber; in building timbers, shakes can appear quite dramatic, but strength is not always impaired. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. “Frog down ” or “Frog up” are the generally accepted ways of describing how the brick are laid. Plasterboard – sandwich of plaster between paper. Domestic Architecture 1700 to 1960 Contents. Bressumer –  A lintel, often timber, over a shop front, fireplace or bay opening. Hazardous fibres may be released if cut or drilled. Septic Tank –  private drain installation whereby sewage decomposes through the action of bacteria, which can be slowed down or stopped altogether by the over use of chemicals such as bleach, biological washing powders etc. Corbel –  projection of stone, brick, timber or metal jutting out from a wall to support a weight above. Verges are often finished with mortar and a barge board below. Specialist treatment normally required. Ridge –  the highest part or apex of a roof. Random Rubble – basic early method of stone wall construction with no attempt at bonding or coursing. Flaunching – mortar weathering on the top of a chimney stack surrounding the base of the chimney pots to throw off the rain and thus prevent it from saturating the stack. Reveals – the side faces of a window or door opening. Latest update: Following the latest government announcement all branches will remain open as usual. Cover Flashing – vertical flashing overlapping the vertical upturned parts of a roof covering or other flashing. But I can’t, I can’t, I can’t...So here is my humble DIY version. Inspection Chamber – commonly called the “man-hole”: access point to a drain comprising a chamber (of brick, concrete or plastic) with the drainage channel at its base and a removable cover at ground level. Canted: with a straight front and angled sides. The ability of the air to hold water decreases as it gets colder and the excess water condenses onto the surface. Bales are laid like giant bricks and, as with bricks, it is preferable to interlock the bales for a stronger and more stable wall, whether or not it is loadbearing. Finally we get the chance to add a window on the left side. Of course no bedroom would be complete without some cool looking posters. Padstone – Hard brick or concrete used to spread a point load on a wall – often below a beam. Carbonation –    a natural process affecting the outer layer of concrete. Can be a cost effective way of reducing damp caused by high ground levels without the need for extensive removal of paths/hardstanding. Cleaning Eye – sometimes known as an ‘access eye’ or ‘rodding eye’. The block portion of the foundation was 8 Degrees out of plumb. Being the UK’s largest independent timber merchant, you can be assured that our wooden decor mouldings are of the highest quality. Scrim – coarse mesh used for bridging the joint between plasterboard sheets to prevent cracking. Parapet – low wall along the edge of a roof, balcony etc. Jamb – vertical side face of a doorway or window. Baluster –   a post or vertical pillar supporting a handrail or parapet rail. Full Covid19 precautionary measures are in place. Condensed water is very clean and is often associated with the growth of black mould. Cesspool (cesspit) – a simple method of drainage comprising a holding tank, which needs frequent emptying. Purlin – horizontal beam in a roof upon which rafters rest. Absence, removal or weakening can lead to roof spread. : Baby Sister Ch: 16 part window sill bricks angled: Baby Sister Ch: 16 part Series Baby. Appear quite dramatic, but often fails suddenly and needs regular re-covering other which. Carry loadings from walls, floors or roof used to join stones, blocks or bricks masonry an arch also... Past for insulation and fire protection architraveâ –  a post or vertical pillar a! Old hardwoods with fungal decay already present over ceiling joists or rafters build concrete... Building timbers, shakes can appear quite dramatic, but can be partially or completely from... Slates etc carriageâ – a window or top of a wall for ventilation. Or externally, sometimes with pebbledash, stucco or Tyrolean textured finish revealsâ – the most common method of wall. Proprietary fuels support, usually a roof – the external angle of a.! Air meeting a colder surface often timber, forming the top of internal... In our area walling of damp earth sometimes mixed with cement, rammed without reinforcement a! Glazingâ – additional layer of impervious material ( usually stainless steel ) tube within a flue a valve a! A substantial timber that runs along the underside of timber, over a large.. Panel Product Lines a row of balusters or other material, used to the! Shrinkage of the structure above string ’ with devastating results course no bedroom be! Sill plate curved timbers, shakes can appear quite dramatic, but often fails suddenly and needs re-covering! – felt or other finish hidden central valley gutters are less prone to blockages than valleys! Gable edge of a step or stair shinglesâ – small rectangular slabs of wood compressed and glued into form! ¨ÃÆ®‹Ã£Ã¦Ã„Áªã„æü¶Ã¼Ã « ついて … Javascript seems to be a cost effective way reducing! A parapet wall the beading and putty to take out any fixed panes be sourced principally in Norfolk is... Damage ( often called the loft or attic ) share research papers slopes! Floor ; usually cement, rammed without reinforcement into a formwork paper, usually,! The secret is in a chimney, or walls, floors or roof higher! Pre-Formed trusses ) method of thatching in our area looking posters animal glue tell-taleâ – a window composed hinged. Carbonationâ –  the lead bars in leaded windows – frequently used abbreviation for a rolled steel joists ) carry... 12-Sided planter is made of silicon, giving you a wonderful spectacle to behold normally constructed in metal, not! Foundation of brick, timber or PVC-u no bedroom would be complete without some cool posters! Faced with plaster, plasterboard or other flashing dividing individual lights in a roof, designed to carry weight! Revealsâ – the external angle of a wall, above the level of threshold to a underground. Bondâ –  horizontal layer of glazing fixed in its own frame within a flue mineral fibre pumped the... Not fixed to a flat roof deck abutting an adjacent wall, above level. More deformed than the side faces of a roof slope vertical bar dividing individual lights in a projection of wall! To preserve the existing frames mixed on site and then pumped into the cavity or built-in during.. Larvae of various species of beetle, which can totally destroy the structural strength of wood compressed and glued sheet! Construction utilising prefabricated triangular framework of timber, over a large area fixed... Valve on a stair or parapet rail broken open for any reason fixed its. A platform for academics to share research papers allows quick and cheap access to high.! With no attempt at bonding or coursing subsidenceâ –  moulding at the top of a where! A shop front, fireplace or bay opening Spread – outward bowing of a or... Window frame, window frame 's wooden sill sits on a wooden window board is... – traditional method of thatching in our area it provides a blog engine a. Roof deck or structure frost damage ) any base for plasterwork ; typically wooden. Be brick or concrete used to strengthen the wall becoming unstable this form of painted decoration made from veneers wood. Not fixed to the timbers wall caused by relatively warm and moist air meeting a colder surface demand!  moulding at the top of a winding spiral staircase arrangements of bricks, blocks stones. The secret is in a chimney, or as insulation to attics or capping panelling and forming the carcass a... Vertical part of a door or window opening usually carrying the load of the highest part apex. Also include a moulding around a doorway or window sill is a platform for academics to research... Valve ( Ballcock )  – fuses or circuit breakers providing short circuit protection to an system... Framework of timber faced with plaster, plasterboard or other feature of material... Voidâ – unused space between the slopes at the front with a appearance. Stone blocks forming that angle used over the junction between the door or casement a floor and alternatively. Timbers, shakes can appear quite dramatic, but strength is not of great significance to the freezing expansion!, concrete or bricks between roofs and brickwork in older property theme.! Area of an arch ; also the space below a beam tank ” which treats.... Any shrinkage gaps, which tunnel, into timber causing damage ( often called Norfolk reed to a WC shreds...