If I were to do this again, I would probably add a bit of charcoal dust as well to make the filler much darker. This test is one of the best measures of the ability of a wood specie to withstand denting and wear. He is in Canada and has some beautiful pieces, including a couple of sinks. Sugar Maple is perfect wood for your staff. Allergies/Toxicity: Hard maple, along with other maples in the Acer genus have been reported to cause skin irritation, runny nose, and asthma-like respiratory effects. Silver maple is sometimes called Soft maple. That’s because you have Cocobolo, Verawood, Lignum Vitae, etc. Maple has a tendency to burn when being machined with high-speed cutters such as in a router. The coloring of birch ranges from white to golden yellow, it has a subtle grain, similar to that of hard maple. The Janka Hardness Test was conducted by measuring the amount of force necessary to embed a .444 inch steel ball into side of the wood up to one half of its diameter to determine its hardness rating, which is then recorded on the Janka Hardness Scale. I use Ambrosia maple to make beautiful trays and boxes. Janka Hardness - N 6450 Spalted Maple doesn’t denote a species, but can be any member of the Acer genus that has black lines and/or streaks in the lumber caused by slight decay and a fungus in the wood. I love this material. The Janka hardness test (from the Austrian-born emigrant Gabriel Janka, 1864–1932) … Not merely cut. I havnt found any records of ambrosia wood other than maple online. Northern Red Oak. The Janka scale is used to determine the relative hardness of particular domestic or exotic wood species. I purchased a hard rock maple dining room talbe about 20 years ago. The wood was very easy to carve as it’s pretty soft. Here is a picture I forgot to upload on my post below. Color/Appearance: Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of hard maple lumber is most commonly used rather than its heartwood. Janka ratings for maple range from 700 for silver maple to 1,180 for black maple. This is more complex than what it may seem. See the article on telling hard and soft maple apart for more information, including chemical testing. The main instances where you would want to stick with hard maple would be in applications where hardness and strength are important, such as: butcher blocks, flooring, workbench tops, etc. The resulting data is expressed in pounds-force, or lbf.. Are Rosewoods (and Bubinga) really banned by CITES? Red Oak, Southern. thanks in advance. The tropical woods are also considerably more brittle as well though. This is a kuksa I carved out of a block of ambrosia maple. See the article on Hardwood Anatomy for definitions of endgrain features. Hard maple ought to be considered the king of the Acer genus. I use Ambrosia Maple for cutting boards, boxes and turnings. The most common use of Janka hardness ratings is to determine whether a species is suitable for use as flooring. (And to a great extent, this also accounts … Versatile and stylish – it looks good in any type of design. Attached end grain cutting board and Time Capsule box for church in Indiana. Northern Hard Maple. Woods with a higher rating are harder than woods with a lower rating. I just got a plank of ambrosia maple with some curly to it. The diameter was chosen to produce a circle with an area of 100 square millimeters. Southern Yellow Pine. With a Janka Hardness rating of 1450 out of 4000, the Sugar Maple wood species falls within the medium range of hardwood flooring options. For more information, please see the article on the Differences Between Hard Maple and Soft Maple. But for a butcher/cutting block wouldn’t a harder maple be better suited? While carving my kuksa, it slipped and fell to the ground a number of times, and there was a lot more damage to the Ambrosia maple than what I experience with birdseye maple for example. The Janka Hardness scale is used to determine a hardwood’s resistance to dents, dings, and scratches. Like the other poster epoxy works but another approach is to rub some saw dust into the holes and put a drop of thin CA (super) glue on it when it is set up sand it lightly and drop a thicker CA glue on it. It is time to refinish the table top. This wood is one of our favorites! Has a fine, even texture. With epoxy you can make a paste from saw dust from the same wood and epoxy then spatula it in then sand and reseal. We finally got it down and I had a feeling it was unique from the texture on the outer sapwood where the bark had fallen off. So just wanted to check with you too..thoughts? Turns, glues, and finishes well, though blotches can occur when staining, and a pre-conditioner, gel stain, or toner may be necessary to get an even color. Hard maple can also be seen with curly or quilted grain patterns. Although the Janka hardness rating of a wood is a pretty good measure of its durability, a number of other factors play into the overall durability of each plank, including the cut of the wood (quarter sawn vs. plain sawn) and the finishing system that is used. The Industry Standard for Hardness The hardness of a wood is rated on an industry wide standard known as the Janka test. Also, hard maple has a greater diversity of ray widths when looking at the endgrain (ranging from narrow to wide rays), while most other maples native to North America have more uniform medium-width rays. The dust is of the original wood and matches quite nicely normally but with ambrosia maple the fungal discoloring (spalting) keeps the hole location visible. I am considering using this for a butcher block counter (which I WILL use as a cutting board). Ash. > Hardwoods > Sapindaceae > Acer > Related species. Arrangement: solitary and radial multiples, Vessels: small to medium; moderately numerous to numerous. Then sand and finish. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Just apply some coats of de-waxed shellac to bring out the beauty of the wood. The Janka hardness test measures the lb/in2 required to embed a .444-inch steel ball to half its diameter in wood. What I do is fill with a natural filler and dab a marker on it then smear with alcohol till it looks natural only without the hole. Hi Ned, I’ve worked with a hardwax oil that is VOC-free, only takes 1 coat, has tons of colors, and only cures/dries to wood fibers. I have a Maple Burl flute made by Brent Haines of Woodsounds. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. Janka Hardness: 1450 Hard maple is a harder and more durable variety of wood flooring. What most Luthiers do is just sand up some dust and put a drop of CA glue on it. At 1260 on the Janka hardness scale just under red oak, yellow birch makes a great choice for North American Hardwood. Northern Red Oak. There may be variations of more or less than 20% on the scale, since this is a scientific test. California Redwood. Its wood is stronger, stiffer, harder, and denser than all of the other species of maple commercially available in lumber form. Red Birch. Aacer Flooring’s Northern Hard Maple is distinguished from other maple by a denser grain and rich consistent color. Yellow Birch. Images: Drag the slider up/down to toggle between raw and finished wood. Southern Soft Maple. The Janka test measures the amount of force required to embed a 0.444" steel ball into the wood to half of its diameter. American Black Walnut. It’s durability coupled with its fashion-sense make Northern Hard Maple a must-have for your home. I also need to refinish a dining room table fairly soon. The Janka Test was developed as a variation of the Brinell hardness test. Are mpingo and hard maple suitable for such a staff? Botanical Designation: Not a distinct species of maple; describes a fungal discoloration caused by wood-boring ambrosia beetles. How did you fill in your worm holes? More images | Identification. I used wood dust and Titebond III to fill the holes in my kuksa. It gives the holes the perception that you can stick your finger in them but they are sealed and smooth. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. 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